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Citypedia



About

We now live in a transition era between industry and post-industry phase where about more than 50% of the world’s total population is concentrated in urban areas. According to UNDESA (2015), this proportion might increase to about two third by 2050. By 2030 alone, at least 4.6 billion people will live in urban areas (IPCC, 2007; Ho et al. 2012). Many small and medium-scale urban areas have been rapidly turning as large-scale cities; they become the centre of economic, social, and political activities of their regions. Such urban areas face spatial expansion, population explosion, industry growth, and auto mobility trend (Ho et al. 2012; UNDESA, 2015). Rapid urbanisation and urban growth are particularly influenced by extensive development of road infrastructures, real estates, businesses, and industrial clusters.

To some extent, urban development has created environmental problems to cities, including greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. It is expected that 70% of the global gas emissions was caused by urban activities (Ho et al. 2012). At the same time, urban areas are the greatest segment that consumes energy, as at least 70% of the total usage of energy goes to cities. Consequently, urban areas are responsible for the growing trend of fossil-based fuel consumption as well as inefficient energy usage. A great hope has been pinned to policy makers, planners, environmentalists, and scholars, to uncover a better understanding regarding any innovative solutions that could help reduce gas emission, dependency on fossil-fuelled energy, as well as improve energy efficiency (Gossop, 2011; Lehman, 2015). Recently, innovations of renewable energy technologies in transportation sector such as hydrogen, electric, biogas and hydropower are considered as an important milestone to support low-carbon energy transformations (Tarigan and Bayern, 2012; Tarigan et al. 2012). Recent efforts under “smart cities” project are reported in many cities like in Europe (Haarstad, 2015b) that promoted different applications of technology, in order to create sustainable and liveable cities.

Furthermore, during the industrialisation era, cities paid a great amount of attention on industrialisation and physical urban development. Many farming areas and green zones around suburbs and certain part of city centres were gradually developed into new township and gated communities. However, following the emerge of the Brundtland Report, the Kyoto Protocol and the EU commitment to tackle energy crisis and climate challenge, many cities are part of the global agenda that provides comprehensive solutions on creating sustainable cities. At the same time cities and urban areas in both developed and developing countries have faced various challenges related to governance, urban management, infrastructure development, and finance.

To respond these urban issues, RDI launches a large scale and long term project, namely “Citypedia”. Citypedia aims to collect and depict urban recent phenomena and development, such as: economic growth, urban finance, smart city, smart infrastructure, renewable energy, urban creatives, climate change and environmental problems. Citypedia also offers a comprehensive profile of global cities in journal and working paper formats. The further goal of Citypedia is to have collections of case studies in the dynamic regions such as South East Asia and Africa. World Bank (2015) predicts urban areas will be increasing at 1.4 million people per week and it is projected that 90% of urban growth through 2050 will occur in Africa and Asia Continents. Therefore, another aim of this is to share case studies and to promote more collaboration among fast growing urban managers and researchers.

Dr. Saut Sagala

saut.sagala@sappk.itb.ac.id
Institute of Technology Bandung
Dr. Ari Tarigan

a.k.m.tarigan@gmail.com
Cofely Fabricom

Starting with Indonesian cases, RDI’s researchers (Dr. Tarigan and Dr. Sagala as Principal Investigators) have published a number of papers on urban issues, as follows:

Bandung City:

  • Tarigan, A., Sagala, S. Samsura, D., Fiisabiilillah, D., Simarmata, H., Nababan, M. (2016) Bandung City Profile, Indonesia, Cities Journal, Volume 50, February 2016, Pages 100–110. | Download
  • Sagala, S., Sengara, I., Suarjana, M., Pribadi, K. Yasaditama, H. and Mariany, A. (2012): Reducing Fatality Risks to Earthquake with Spatial Planning: Case study of Bandung City, in edited book by Anwar, H. (LIPI) | Download
  • Tarigan, A.K.M., Susilo, Y.O., Joewono, T.B. (2014) Segmentation of paratransit users based on service quality and travel behaviour in Bandung, Indonesia. Transportation Planning and Technology (Routledge) 37 (2), pp. 200-218. | Download
  • Joewono, T.B., Tarigan, A.K.M., Susilo, Y.O. (2016) Road-based public transportation in urban areas of Indonesia: What policies do users expect to improve the service quality? Transport Policy (Elsevier) Vol. 49, pp. 114–124. | Download

Medan City:

  • Tarigan, A., Samsura, D., Sagala, S. and Pencawan, A. (accepted) Medan City: Development and Governance under the Decentralisation Era, Cities Journal. | Download

Palembang City:

  • Lubis, W., Sagala, S., Wimbardana, R. and Argo, T. (2015) From Preparedness to Resilience: Assessing Household Risk Mitigation to Flooding in Lowland Area of Palembang, Edited Book Herryal Anwar. LIPI | Download
  • Sagala, S., Lubis, W., Ameridyani, A., Prambudhia, Y. (2015) Urban Energy Resilience & Low Carbon Development in Metropolitan Indonesia (Ketahanan Energi Perkotaan dan Pembangunan Rendah Karbon di Metropolitan Indonesia), Urban and Regional Development Institute.| Download
  • Tarigan, A. Sagala, S. The pursuit of greenness: Four perspectives to explain low-carbon urban transformation in Balikpapan and Palembang, Indonesia (In review).

Bogor City:

  • Wimbardana, R. (2017) The Role of Transational Municipal Newtwork in Building Institutional Capacity for Governing Low Carbon Development in The City of Bogor, Indonesia. | Download

Balikpapan City:

  • Tarigan, A., Samsura, D., Sagala, S. and Wimbardana, R. (2017) Balikpapan: Urban planning and development in anticipation of the post-oil industry era, Cities Journal. | Download
  • Tarigan, A. Sagala, S. The pursuit of greenness: Four perspectives to explain low-carbon urban transformation in Balikpapan and Palembang, Indonesia. (In Review)

Jakarta City:

  • Apip, Sagala, Saut A.H. and Luo, Pingping (2015). Overview of Jakarta Water-Related Environmental Challenges. Water and Urban Initiative Working Paper Series. United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability.| Download
  • Sagala, S., Syahbid, M., Wibisono, H. (2017) Policy Changes and Flood Risk Governance in Greater Jakarta, Edited book on Jakarta by Hellman, Thynell, van Voorst (accepted)
  • Sagala, S., Handika, P. and Arisandy, M. (2011) Challenges of Disasters and Environment of Jakarta Megacity / Tantangan Kebencanaan dan Lingkungan Megakota Jakarta, Penerbit ITB Bandung dan Yayasan Soegijanto Soegijoko | Download
  • Joewono, T.B., Tarigan, A.K.M., Susilo, Y.O. (2016) Road-based public transportation in urban areas of Indonesia: What policies do users expect to improve the service quality? Transport Policy (Elsevier) Vol. 49, pp. 114–124. | Download

Yogyakarta City:

  • Joewono, T.B., Tarigan, A.K.M., Susilo, Y.O. (2016) Road-based public transportation in urban areas of Indonesia: What policies do users expect to improve the service quality? Transport Policy (Elsevier) Vol. 49, pp. 114–124. | Download

Malaysian Cases :

Malaysia (Shan Alam & Muar) City:

  • Nur Sabahiah, A.S., Tarigan, A.K.M., Fujii. S. (2016) Analysis of correlations between psychological factors and self-reported behavior of motorcyclists in Malaysia, depending on self-reported usage of different types of motorcycle facility. Transportation Research Part F (Elsevier). DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2016.09.032 | Download
  • Tarigan, A.K.M. Sukor, N.S.A. Inconsistent versus consistent behaviour of helmet use among urban motorcyclists in Malaysia. (In review).

Penang City:

  • Sukor, N.S.A., Basri N.K.B., Tarigan, A.K.M., The role of incentives toward adolescents' commitment to individual travel plan in Travel Behaviour Modification Program. Transportation Planning and Technology. (In review).

Europe Cases :

Stavanger City (Norway):

  • Tarigan, A. Perceptions, attitudes, and preferences to support and purchase cell fuel vehicles in Greater Stavanger, Norway: An explanatory study (Under Review)