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Comprehensive School Safety


The Government of Indonesia has been extensively implementing the Comprehensive School Safety (CSS) program since 2010, in collaboration with various stakeholders, including non-government agencies, private sector, and academia. The country issued a “Safe School Road Map” 2015-2019, established the National Secretariat for Safe Schools, issued several ministerial regulations and technical guidelines, and continues to deliver a wide range of capacity building initiatives. To support the finalization of the medium strategic plan (RPJMN) 2020-2024 and UNICEF strategic planning, this study is commissioned to build evidence for moving forward and designing future strategy that aims to be effective, efficient, sustainable, and deliver the most impact.

In Indonesia, the Ministry of Education and Culture is leading the safe schools’ implementation in the country. The nation-wide safe schools programme applies the three pillars of the Comprehensive Safe School (CSS) framework, which include: 1) school facilities; 2). school disaster management; and 3) disaster risk reduction in education. This has been contextualized in local policies including BNPB regulation No. 4 / year 2012 on safe schools. In this regulation, safe school implementation addresses two major components: firstly, structural component such as: safe location, safe building structure, safe classroom design and set-up, supporting facilities/infrastructure, and secondly, non-structural component including knowledge, attitude and practice, safe school/safe madrasah policies, planning for disaster preparedness and resource mobilization.

Indonesia also has issued a ‘Safe School Road Map’ 2015-2019 with a strategic goal to protect learners, teachers, education personnel from the risk of death and injury in school, to improve the quality of education facilities and infrastructure for safer schools and to ensure education continuity before, during and after disasters and to strengthen resilience of school community in times of disaster. Indonesia has also set up disaster management mechanisms in the education sector with the following phases: pre-disaster (prepared by each Directorate/Unit in MoEC), emergency response (led by Directorate of Special Education) and post-disaster (prepared by each Directorate/Unit). This requires cross-coordination with BNPB as well as international non- governmental organizations and UN agencies.

COVID-19 experience for future CSS Implementation

The COVID-19 situation continues to evolve around the world, making this pandemic an unprecedented global emergency. In Indonesia, the education system and process have been modified in order to accommodate public health preventive measures including physical distancing and large-scale social restrictions. All schools have been closed since mid-March 2020, which has impacted UNICEF-supported education programmes by forcing some planned activities to be postponed as well as adding new activities to support COVID response in the education sector.

At the same time this large-scale emergency response has provided an opportunity to widen and consolidate the scope of the ongoing Stocktaking Study on Comprehensive Safe School (CSS) Programme in Indonesia. Supporting and documenting this massive education response to the pandemic situations in real-time is critical to generate key lessons for the government to enhance its preparedness for all hazards in the future based on the CSS framework. Resilience Development Initiative (RDI) is involve in including CSS implementation in the context of COVID- 19 pandemic including safe school protocols before the school closure, home-based learning during the school closure and preparedness and transition for safe and effective school reopening.

Team Members:

Avianto Amri | Team Leader
RDI & Predikt

Dr. Rahma Hanifa | Lead Pillar 1
Yusra Tebe | Lead Pillar 2
RDI & Predikt
Dr. Jonatan Lassa | Lead Pillar 3
RDI & Charles Darwin University
Giovanni Cynthia | Research Assistant
Reperiza Furqon | Research Assistant
RDI & Predikt
Leslie Nangkiawa | Research Assistant
Tsaairoh | Research Assistant
RDI & Predikt
Jeeten Kumar | Project Assistant
Nabiilah Mujahidah | Research Assistant

Multi-Stakeholder Approach Involving:

  • Ministry of Education and Culture
  • Ministry of Religious Affairs
  • National Disaster Management Agency
  • Regional Disaster Management Agency
  • Plan Indonesia
  • Save the Children

  • Resilience Development Initiative (RDI) is an Indonesian think tank initiative that focuses and contributes to the body of knowledge on sustainable development and resilient studies.

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