Dr. Elisabeth Dewi is a lecture from Parahyangan University (UNPAR) and also head of Parahyagan Center for International Studies (PACIS). On Tuesday, 19 September 2017, she gave a presentation about migrant worker challenges in west java province, particularly in Cianjur District. In this research, she uses feminism perspective to study this issue. This issue is important to address because about 2.5 million persons from 2011 to 2015 was migrant worker and contributed about 10.5 billion (USD) just in 2015, however there are challenges that they must face in the process.
Migrant workers face many challenges. In general, these people were vulnerable in some aspects, such as wages, harassment, and accidents. They also powerless to the arrest, punishment, and bureaucratic. Motivation to migrate mostly because of the financial aspect. Family ties, legal status, cost of living, and opportunities. These aspects related to the money that they get from other countries.
From women perspective, they also face other challenges in Indonesia, in their home country. For instance, they must maintain the relationship with their family, extended family, and the children. Sometimes it really difficult to maintain because of the lack of communication. Other challenges are the gender roles & expectation from family as a mother, social changes, and inter-generational dynamics of power. These challenges need support from government and their home communities to address it. One of good cases of how migrant worker empower themselves and build networking is Perkumpulan Seruni in Central Java.