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Emergent Issues and Vulnerability Factors following the Nepal Earthquake




On April 9th, 2016, RDI held an invited lecture by Mr. Johannes Anhorn from Federal institute for geosciences and natural resources (BGR). He presented a lecture on entitled emergent issues and vulnerability factors following the Nepal earthquake.
Before the earthquake at Nepal 2015, Mr. Anhorn has carried out a research in Kathmandu on the quantity and quality of open space as a meeting place if there is an earthquake. There are four aspect valued in determining the quality of an open space: shelter implementation issues, environmental consideration, availability of basic utilities, and the capacity base coverage analysis. Apparently, there is limited quantity of qualified open spaces in Katmandu who could act as assembly point. Nepal earthquake in April 2015 caused loss in infrastructure, including homes. 2,8 million people which is homes damaged and destroyed. The people displaced have options of living in shelters or other places. Turns out 0,5 million people chose to live in their houses and 2,33 million people chose to live in shelters or other places.
There are three types of shelter after Nepal earthquake, they are: scattered site, hosted, and spontaneous site. Scattered site is usually houses less than five households, and it is placed nearby their damaged houses or nearby open spaces; around 1,58 million people are categorized living in this type of shelter. Hosted shelter houses 50 or more household with official support in designated public spaces; 636.000 people are reported living in hosted shelters. Spontaneous site shelter houses 5-50 household s on public or private owned land, without official support; 117.700 people are reported living in this type of shelter. Anhorn has done research on shelter mapping after the 2015 Nepal Earthquake in Katmandu and nearby. Issues found in the shelter are basic needs such as food, water, and toilets. There are problems encountered after the disaster such as the weather, emotional problems, and women issues.