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Integrating the Adaptive Social Protection Financing Strategy into the Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance (DRFI) Strategy (DRFI - ASP)
The UNICEF study on ‘Disaster Risk Financing and Social Protection in Southeast Asia: Indonesia Case Study’ conducted in 2021 revealed that the DRFI strategy is disconnected from emergency social protection financing; in any disaster response, the budget for social protection during emergencies is funded and mobilized through the allocated budget within the sector and budget repurposing. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the government, for example, expanded the coverage and increased the benefit of regular/new social protection programmes i.e., expansion of Family Hope Programme (Program Keluarga Harapan), and Village Fund Cash Transfer (Bantuan Langsung Tunai Dana Desa), mostly through budget repurposing. The study suggested addressing the ‘disconnection’ by the provision of pre- arranged rules to avoid any delays during emergency response.