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admin - Dec 27, 2017 03:54:52 pm 9 Views Research

ICT-Empowered Participation in Planning Process (Case Study: e-Musrenbang in Bandung City)


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Abstract


Current practices of planning process are transforming in last decade due to participatory perspective. Best practices in participatory planning include joining the public hearing of city plan and regular meetings among the members of parliaments with their constituents, which have been witnessed in cities throughout the world. People living in a city or town are invited to give their inputs and feedback to the government regarding to the provision of infrastructures, the construction of public transportation, and even the reports of traffic jam and complaints of the development of high-rise buildings. These successful stories continue to be replicated in other parts of the world, looking for the fittest communication channel in local level.

Nevertheless, this perspective is somehow more elevated by the emergence of ICT. The speedy information from urban citizens are gathered from various applications at ease, not only as the real-time sensors but also as the divergent voices in decision making representing each person from any background. Some municipalities across the world have enacted regulation framework to support this ICT-based participatory planning system. Furthermore, there are notable countries which integrate this bottom-up method with their planning agenda; syncing programs and debottlenecking the bureaucracy in responding to numerous inputs from their citizens.

In Indonesia, participatory planning is recognized through Musyawarah Perencanaan Pembangunan (Musrenbang). This platform is practiced in every hierarchy level of government; from nation level to the smallest unit of government called kelurahan and even Rukun Warga (RW). People gather and discuss about the need of their neighborhoods and submit it to the higher level, which also do the similar process and goes the way up to city level. Their input then will be synced with current program of pertinent offices and agencies—if the programs submitted through Musrenbang are coherent with that of municipalities, then it will be implemented in the following year, vice versa.

e-Musrenbang as the ICT-empowered musrenbang seeks to include the urban dwellers as comprehensive as it can be. The platform can be accessed in RW and higher level, and then checked by forums in each hierarchy. This study aims to explore the e-Musrenbang from the dimensions of actors involved, technical and substantive process, and technology employed in this platform. Later on, the conditions of participation before and after e-Musrenbang are compared in order to better distinguish the factors that actually induce the participation in the age of technology.


Last updated 26 August 2020


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