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Sustainable Development Geopark in Indonesia


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Abstract

Geo-parks are the areas which include natural geographic characteristics required to be protected due to their significant scientific values and features. Sustainable regional development, which is one of the main aims of geoparks, is based directly on geo-tourism. Just as some innovations, which geo-parks have brought about in nature conservation concept, geo-tourism has caused new implications in touristic activities. Furthermore, one of the main strategic objectives of a Sustainable development Geopark is to stimulate economic activity within the framework of sustainable development. A Geopark need to foster socio-economic development that is culturally and environmentally sustainable. It hopes has a direct impact on the area involved by improving human living conditions and the rural and urban environment.

In addition, Indonesia is a country rich with natural and cultural resources, which have the potential to be developed further the tourism sector. Located in the ring of fire, Indonesia has unique geological features, these geological areas that contained geodiversity and biodiversity. The geological area is one of the important heritage, it contains the history of mankind in the area. There are world heritages and 50 national parks in Indonesia that existed on geological bases and have geological meanings. The Indonesian government have nominated 7 areas as the global geopark to United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The seven sites nominated for international geopark from 2014 until 2017 are: Merangin-Jambi, Sewu, Lake Toba, Rinjani, Raja Ampat, Parahyangan, Pangandaran dan Northern part of Bandung (West Java) and Maros-Sulawesi Selatan. The geoparks are frequently visited by tourists and scientist.

Nevertheless, Geo-tourism located at Indonesia geopark scattered throughout the region, but has not been developed. Until now, Indonesia has only two global geopark region. Indonesia is still less competitive than China in 2012 already has about 140 national geopark and 28 of them including the UNESCO global geopark network. China also have linked its geopark network with scholarly research on this filed, while in Indonesia there has only been few research conducted in the Indonesian geopark. In terms of sustainable tourism development, Indonesian Geopark is integrated between geological potential and cultural heritage area, but they not used to promote the development of local communities in a sustainable manner. Low environment sustainability to be one of the factors that cause travelers less inclined to come back to geo destinations in Indonesia. There are seven geoparks in Indonesia, only two with International recognition: Batur Global Geopark and Sewu Global Geopark.

This study aims to explore the geo-tourism resources in geopark in Indonesia, and how it is linked to sustainable development. Moreover, this study will identify the characteristic of local social-economic community in geopark area, and explore their participation in sustainable development geopark.

Related Publication :
  • Sagala, S., Rosyidie, A., Syahbid, M.M., Sasongko, M., (2017) Best Practice of Local Tourism Management: Case Study of Suter Cluster of Geo-park Batur, Bangli Regency, Bali Province of Indonesia. Presented in Endinamosis 2017.